Implement subnetworks for publicly accessible system components that are physically or logically separated from internal networks.
DiscussionSubnetworks that are physically or logically separated from internal networks are referred to as demilitarized zones (DMZs). DMZs are typically implemented with boundary control devices and techniques that include routers, gateways, firewalls, virtualization, or cloud-based technologies. NIST SP 800-41 provides guidance on firewalls and firewall policy. SP 800-125B provides guidance on security for virtualization technologies.
Further DiscussionPublicly accessible systems should be separated from the internal systems that need to be protected. Internal systems should not be placed on the same network as publicly accessible systems, and access by default from DMZ networks to internal networks should be blocked. One method of accomplishing this is to create a DMZ network, which enhances security by providing public access to a specific set of resources while preventing connections from those resources to the rest of the IT environment. Some OSAs may achieve a similar result through the use of a cloud computing environment that is separated from the rest of the company’s infrastructure.
ExampleThe head of recruiting at your firm wants to launch a website to post job openings and allow the public to download an application form [a]. After some discussion, your team realizes it needs to use a firewall to create a perimeter network to do this because your network contains FCI [b]. You host the server separately from the company’s internal network where FCI is stored and make sure the network on which it resides is isolated with the proper firewall rules [b].
Potential Assessment Considerations
- Are any system components reachable by the public (e.g., internet-facing web servers, VPN gateways, publicly accessible cloud services) [a]?
- Are publicly accessible system components on physically or logically separated subnetworks (e.g., isolated subnetworks using separate, dedicated VLAN segments such as DMZs) [b]?