Remediate vulnerabilities in accordance with risk assessments.
DiscussionVulnerabilities discovered, for example, via the scanning conducted in response to RA.L2- 3.11.2, are remediated with consideration of the related assessment of risk. The consideration of risk influences the prioritization of remediation efforts and the level of effort to be expended in the remediation for specific vulnerabilities.
Further DiscussionNot all vulnerabilities captured in a vulnerability scanner may pose the same level of risk to an organization. Prioritize mitigation efforts to close the most critical vulnerabilities first. Track all vulnerability remediation to ensure completion; also track vulnerabilities that you have determined not to remediate. This practice, RA.L2-3.11.3, benefits from CA.L2-3.12.2. RA.L2-3.11.3 allows remediation of vulnerabilities to take place based on the developed plans of actions for vulnerabilities from CA.L2-3.12.2.
ExampleYou are a system administrator. Each quarter you receive a list of vulnerabilities generated by your company’s vulnerability scanner [a]. You prioritize that list and note which vulnerabilities should be targeted as soon as possible as well as which vulnerabilities you can safely defer addressing at this time. You document the reasoning behind accepting the risk of the unremediated flaws and note to continue to monitor these vulnerabilities in case you need to revise the decision at a later date [b].
Potential Assessment Considerations
- Are the results of risk assessments used to prioritize vulnerabilities for remediation [b]?
- For any given vulnerability is action taken for remediation, acceptance, avoidance, or transference of the vulnerability risk [b]?
- Are all high risk vulnerabilities prioritized [b]?