Limit information system access to the types of transactions and functions that authorized users are permitted to execute.
DiscussionOrganizations may choose to define access privileges or other attributes by account, by type of account, or a combination of both. System account types include individual, shared, group, system, anonymous, guest, emergency, developer, manufacturer, vendor, and temporary. Other attributes required for authorizing access include restrictions on time-of-day, day-of-week, and point-of -origin. In defining other account attributes, organizations consider system-related requirements (e.g., system upgrades scheduled maintenance,) and mission or business requirements, (e.g., time zone differences, customer requirements, remote access to support travel requirements).
Further DiscussionLimit users to only the information systems, roles, or applications they are permitted to use and require for their roles and responsibilities. Limit access to applications and data based on authorized users’ roles and responsibilities. Common types of functions a user can be assigned are create, read, update, and delete.
ExampleYou supervise the team that manages DoD contracts for your company. Members of your team need to access the contract information to perform their work properly. Because some of that data contains FCI, you work with IT to set up your group’s systems so that users can be assigned access based on their specific roles [a]. Each role limits whether an employee has read-access or create/read/delete/update -access [b]. Implementing this access control restricts access to FCI information unless specifically authorized.
Potential Assessment Considerations
- Are access control lists used to limit access to applications and data based on role and/or identity [a]?
- Is access for authorized users restricted to those parts of the system they are explicitly permitted to use, that is, is access denied by default and allowed by exception (e.g., a person who only performs word-processing cannot access developer tools) [b]?